Monarto Safari Park
Two Cape Porcupine babies in the den

Animal Facts

  • Genus:

  • Species:

    Hystrix africaeaustralis
  • Conservation

    Least Concern
  • Found In:

  • Length:

    60 - 100cm
  • Weight:

    10 - 27kgs

Meet the prickly porcupines!

Monarto Safari Park is home to three beautiful Cape Porcupines, Oliver and Rita, and their offspring Louie.

Oliver and Rita, both born in 2015, arrived in April 2017 after making the journey from Tanganyika Wildlife Park in Kansas, USA. The two porcupines are very inquisitive, and love digging and chewing everything throughout their habitat. When they’re not nibbling on hard objects to keep their teeth under control, you can find them munching on some of their favourite snacks such as pumpkin, sweet corn and apple. While they may look very similar to the untrained eye, keepers have some secret tips to help tell the porcupines apart: Rita has a darker face, while Oliver sports light patches around his eyes.

The sweet couple have a very close bond and spend all of their time together, and in February 2023 officially became a part of a breeding program here at Monarto Safari Park, giving birth to Louie. While keepers did not know Louie’s sex for a number of months, keepers had their suspicions. From birth, Louie had been sassily foot stomping and tail rattling, strutting their stuff around mum and dad. In August 2023, it was finally confirmed – Louie is a girl!

Cape Porcupines are one of the largest rodents in the world – weighing up to a whopping 27kg and measuring almost one metre in length! These amazing mammals are covered in striking 35cm long, black and white quills, which provide excellent protection against predators such as lions and hyenas.

These guys are very traditional, finding a partner that they stay with for life. Because of their prickly exterior, porcupine mating can be tricky business, with the female flattening her quills against her back so she doesn’t poke her male companion. After a gestation period of 112 days, females give birth to a litter of one or two offspring known as porcupettes. These babies stay in a custom-built den lined with grass until they are around one week old.

Most of the action happens at night for these nocturnal animals, including meal times! Their diet consists of bark, roots, fallen fruits and sometimes insects and carrion. Unfortunately, crested porcupines also like to snack on cultivated crops making them a pest to farmers, sometimes leading to their hunt and capture. As well as being killed for meat, they are often killed for their quills, which are falsely believed to possess medicinal properties.

They inhabit a variety of habitats across sub-Saharan Africa including shrubland, forest and dry, rocky areas.


Love porcupines? Join our wild family today to make sure the species doesn’t get into a prickly situation! There are many ways you can help these gorgeous animals.

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About Zoos SA

Zoos SA is a not-for-profit conservation charity that exists to connect people with nature and save species from extinction.

Zoos SA acknowledges the Country on which we stand always was, and always will be, Aboriginal land and we pay our deepest respect and gratitude to Kaurna (Adelaide Zoo) and Ngarrindjeri (Monarto Safari Park) Elders, past, present and emerging.

We undertake critical conservation work throughout Australia and acknowledge the traditional custodians of these lands.

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